In contrast to the Falcon, the Econoline was fitted with a solid front axle and a solid rear axle suspension with leaf springs for all four wheels. Another option first introduced on the vehicle is a rear-view backup camera; widely available on smaller vehicles, it is the first in the full-size van segment. Production numbers of Mercury Econolines were low; for example, a total of 1,291 Mercury Econoline pickup trucks were built in 1965. While the Econoline cargo van remained, it was joined by an Econoline passenger van replacing the Falcon van. In 1961, Ford projected the pickup leading the van in sales; however, buyer preferences shifted towards the van configuration, as the pickup accounted for 10% of 1961 Econoline production. With a full frame, the Econoline became popular as a ; the design served as a basis for many ambulances, and various types of trucks and buses. For 2001, to adopt a nomenclature closer in line to that of Ford full-size trucks, the Econoline was renamed the E-Series.
While space between the front seats was again dominated by the front engine cover, the redesign freed up additional passenger room. During the 1970s, the Econoline became popular as a basis for. Other elements of its design were borrowed loosely from the produced by the predecessor of the , including its grille configuration. With a 58-year production run, the Ford E series is the second longest-produced nameplate by Ford worldwide; only the Ford F series 1948—present has been produced longer. While introduced alongside the Chevrolet Corvair van for 1961, the Ford Econoline established many design precedents adopted by successive designs of American vans, including the Chevrolet Van and Dodge A100 and the European Ford Transit. While far shorter than an F-100, the pickup was configured with a seven-foot long cargo bed. The two-box configuration made a return, although the hood was angled downward slightly and the windshield raked back; all window glass if specified was flush-mounted.
As with the previous generation, the Econoline was sold as both a cargo van and as a passenger van Econoline Wagon with the Ford Club Wagon sold only as a passenger van. Introduced for the 1961 model year as the replacement for the , four generations of the model line have been produced. In May 2014, the final 4. In three body sizes, the Econoline was produced in a cargo van and passenger van, with the latter produced in three trim levels; base, Custom and Chateau. For 2009, the E-Series gained with 4. Initially powered by the 85 hp 144 cubic-inch inline six that was the standard engine of the Falcon, the Econoline was offered with a 101 hp 170 cubic-inch inline-six as an option.
To bring the exterior of the Econoline in line with other Ford trucks, the egg-crate grille was replaced with an eight-hole oval-shaped cutout matching the Ford Explorer and F-150. The Twin I-Beam layout was retained making it the last Ford vehicle to use it. When redesigning the interior of the E-series for 1992, Ford chose to modernize the driver compartment of the vehicle. In June 2014, production of E-Series passenger and cargo vans was discontinued as sales of the began in North America. A higher degree of parts commonality with the F series made itself known in the bodystyling: the vent windows, taillights, bumpers, and wheels were common items between the two vehicles. . The body was available in two lengths, with the extended-length version exclusive to the 350-series 1-ton chassis for both cargo and passenger vans.
In 1982, to increase the fuel economy of the Econoline without a major loss in engine output, Ford introduced the option of a 6. Flush-mounted taillamp lenses were specific to the model line, along with flush-mounted headlamps the latter were an option, standard on Club Wagons. Through its production, the first-generation Ford Econoline was offered in several variants, with four versions of the cargo van. While the exterior remains unchanged since its 2008 redesign, the 6. In 1961, the pickup truck commenced production at in Canada; later that year, Mercury Econoline pickup production shifted to the Lorain, Ohio assembly plant.
Largely identical to its Ford counterpart with only minor exceptions of badging, the Mercury Econoline product line was sold as a pickup, cargo van, and passenger van. Alongside the truck line, the Mercury Econoline allowed for Ford of Canada to maximize its presence in rural areas served by either a Ford or a Lincoln-Mercury dealer network, but not both. In line with the F-Series, the Econoline was sold in 150, 250, and 350 series, denoting ½, ¾, and 1-ton chassis the Club Wagon was not designated by chassis size. Based on , Ford became the first American manufacturer to adapt body-on-frame construction to a full-size van. Instead of calling it a 1968 or 1968. For 1999, the Club Wagon nameplate was discontinued in favor of Econoline Wagon.
The interior saw a complete redesign of the dashboard, adopting dual airbags for all models. In addition, the heavier-duty front axle required the use of a larger front bumper and plastic fender flares shared with the F-550 truck. In addition to increasing the strength of the chassis, the configuration allowed more commonality with the F-series trucks. We have also provided some key features from previous generation Ford Econoline vans. For 2003, coinciding with the exterior facelift, the interior received a new engine cover with redesigned cup holders.
In 1979, a minor facelift updated the grille design; round headlights were replaced by rectangular units. For 1971, the grille was redesigned to match the updated F series. The diesel V8 engines were available only in Econoline 350s or Club Wagons sold on the same chassis. In addition, the Club Wagon was produced solely as a passenger van. After the 2003 model year, the E-550 was discontinued. For the 2008 model year, the chassis underwent its largest revisions of the fourth generation. For 2004, the instrument panel was given a digital odometer, last used in 1996, certain versions were available with a tachometer.
For the first time since 1974, the E series was given a glove box, shared with the Super Duty trucks. During 1968, Mercury ended its sale of light trucks, discontinuing the M series. For 1992, the Club Wagon Chateau was awarded by. In 2019, the lifespan of the E-Series was extended into the 2020s as Ford unveiled a 2021 update for the E-Series cutaway. In addition to and body styles, the Ford E series has been produced as a and stripped chassis a chassis without bodywork. The first-generation Ford Econoline was produced from 1961 to 1967. To accommodate its 90-inch wheelbase the shortest for a Ford since 1908 , the Econoline adopted a mid-engine configuration, placing the engine behind the front axle; consequently, the layout precluded the use of a V8 engine.
From 2015 onward, the E-Series has remained in production solely for commercial markets in cutaway-cab and stripped chassis configurations. Ford E series Overview Manufacturer Production 1960—2014 1961—2014 Assembly , United States , United States , Canada Body and chassis Chronology Predecessor Successor For , , and The Ford E series also known as the Ford Econoline and Ford Club Wagon throughout various stages of its production is a range of produced by the automaker since 1960. While a running prototype was produced and planned for a potential 1975—1976 introduction, lack of funding led to the discontinuation of the project. In another revision, the front turn signal lenses become amber in color. Designed to share components with the Super Duty trucks, the E series now comes with the Ford Sync system, in-dash navigation as an option, and integrated auxiliary switches.